The UB Sociology Department has successfully held the first international conference entitled International Conference of Inequalities, Social Justice and Democracy 2018. This activity is held on Monday, November 26, 2019 at 08.00-17.00 WIB in UB Guest House. Some of the main speakers included; Dr. Richard Chauvel, Melbourne University, Australia; Ana Luisa Campanha Nakamoto, Ph.D candidate, Sao Paulo University, Brazil; Prof. Dr. Keppi Sukesi, MS, University of Brawijaya Women’s Studies Center; M. Taufiq, M.AP, Associate Expert Lecturer of the Training Agency of East Java Province.
The first method was opened by a speech from the head of the Sociology Department, Anif Fatma Chawa, Ph.D. Then followed by a lecture from the main speaker Anna Luisa Campanha Nakamoto and Keppi Sukesi. On that occasion, Anna Nakamoto explained how the struggle in Brazil to fight for LGBT rights and democracy there. “Global level, namely sustainable development goals (SDGs) as the following up of the millennium development. To achieve the equality, it is necessary to draw an inclusive group of being an exclusive one. Inequality is not only about variation between sexes and gender. But also requiring attention to the other variants, for instance exclusivity or inclusivity, “he explained.
While Keppi Sukessi, explained about GESI (Gender Equality and Social Inclusion) as an approach in gender analysis. “GESI as an approach means, analyzing the process of social management based on gender inequality and justice of women and child. Priority issues: Economy, Education, Health, Politics. The others are the areas of focus are education and alleviating poverty, politics, environment and natural resources, “he explained.
The next session was filled by Richard Chauvel and Muhammad Taufiq. Chauvel explained that socio-economic inequality could trigger conflict in Papua. Papua and West Papua are natural resource wealth paradoxes but have high poverty rates. According to per capita GRDP, West Papua and Papua are the 5th and 6th richest provinces, but according to the Human Development Index (HDI) are the poorest provinces. The inequality between Papua and West Papua is very clear, but inequality is only one of the facts in conflict analysis in Papua.
In analyzing the issue of inequality in Papua there is an ethnic dimension to inequality between mountainous and urban areas. The majority of indigenous Papuans live in relatively poor mountains, while relatively more prosperous urban areas. This inequality is important in analysis because it influences other facts. This demographic transformation created resistance to the Indonesian government and made Papuan nationalism as ethnic nationalism. In Papua the inequality is very visible and has political implications because of the ethnic dimension.
Furthermore, Muchammad Taufiq explained about the paper entitled “Strengthening Community Participation in the Application of Regional Autonomy”. Beginning with explaining the dynamics of travel and government changes when the old order (1945-1966), New Order (1966-1999), Reformation (1999-2004) and transitions (2004-2014) and Renewal (2014-2018). He explained the dynamics of regional autonomy governance over time. There have been many improvements in the governance process in several regions, although it cannot be denied that there are still major problems in the form of corruption of regional officials.
After that, it was followed by discussion sessions in several different panel sessions, such as the Community Development, Social Exclusion, and Culture and Social Identity panels. Speakers present and discuss research results in front of participants. Discussions appeared to be alive among the participants. Input and criticism of the paper will be published in the book.
A panel discussion in ISJD